Sustainable Development Goals
From 25 to 27 September 2015, Heads of States and governments of member states gathered at the United Nations headquarters in New York, for the UN Summit to formally adopt the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This agenda which outlines the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, entered into force in January 2016.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda) contained in the document entitled “Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 25 September 2015. The new agenda seeks to leave no one behind and aspires to transform the world in which we live. The 2030 Agenda forms the new global development framework anchored around 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a total of 169 targets covering economic, social development, and environmental protection. Poverty eradication is the overarching goal of the new agenda which is taking a far more ambitious approach than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by promising to address the unfinished business of the MDGs and meet the growing challenges in the interlinked economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.
The SDGs are the core of this new programme for development. The universal nature of the agenda will provide an opportunity for engagement and a new type of partnership to address the global challenges. In particular, Africa can take advantage of this universality of the 2030 Agenda to create partnerships across the goals and ensure effective implementation. Unlike the MDGs, the new agenda is applicable to all countries, developing and developed-rich and poor.
The preamble is presented under the themes of the people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships, all of which are interlinked to sustainable development. The 29-page document titled “Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” states: "We are resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and want and to heal and secure our planet." It continues: "We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path. As we embark on this collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind."
The 2030 Agenda announces a “plan of action for the people, planet and prosperity.” It highlights strengthening “universal peace in larger freedom,” and recognizes eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions. The 17 goals are universal and cover a wide field of sustainable development in order to address the complex challenges facing the world today. They are aimed at encouraging actions to build a more sustainable world, while ensuring that no one is left behind. These goals will serve as a reference for aligning countries’ plans to their global commitments and guiding their development actions for the next 15 years. Governments, including Cameroon, work on the elaboration of national indicators to help monitor achieved progress on goals and targets.