A Snapshot of Cameroon
Cameroon is located between West and Central Africa, covers a surface area of 475, 442 km2. She shares common borders with Nigeria, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Cameroon is divided administratively into ten regions (2 English speaking and 8 French speaking), each headed by a Governor of. President Paul Biya has been the head of the country since the 1982.
Cameroon, with a population of over 24 million inhabitants is endowed with diverse natural resources, such as Gold, Diamond, Iron Ore, Copper, Bauxite, etc. that notwithstanding, Cameroon still ranks 153rd on 187 in the 2015 development index list. Even though, within the past 15 years, significant progress has been made to get the population out of poverty, some still suffer from abject poverty; mostly children, women and the elderly.
A triple humanitarian crisis
Cameroon is today plaqued by an unprecedented complex humanitarian crisis.
Firstly, violence perpetrated by Boko Haram in the north east of Nigeria, as well as cross-border raid and suicide bombings in Cameroon have resulted to the massive influx of Nigerian refugees and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Cameroonians who were forced to flee their homes.
Secondly, the ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic has led to another refugee influx, who sought protection and assistance in the East, Adamawa and North regions of Cameroon.
Thirdly, conflict and regional insecurity had severe consequences local population of the North, Far North, Adamawa and East Regions, who thus have only very limited access to basic services, high level of food insecurity and malnutrition, alongside a very disturbing high risk of epidemics.
Fourthly, more chronic crises caused by food insecurity and malnutrition, as well as recurrent epidemics are becoming rampant.
Between 2014 and 2016, the number of needy persons grew from 2 to 2.7 million, and almost 3 million in 2017. In the Central Africa sub region, Cameroon welcomes and hosts the largest number of refugees, distributed as follows;
- Approximately 259,000 refugees from the Central African Republic are found in the East, Adamawa and North regions;
- 87,000 Nigerian refugees (with 62929 in the Minawao camp) are hosted in the Far North Region;
- Approximately 22,362 internally displaced persons are stranded inside the country;
- 20,000 refugees reside in urban areas of Douala and Yaounde.